Archive for February, 2010

Minorities in Higher Education Have Higher Rates of Drop Outs

More African American students are attending college than ever.  Although they attend college, the graduation rate of African Americans have recently been low, possibly due to high costs of college here in the United States.


Preliminary Sources

Should the United States invest more money towards making college more affordable for Americans?


With the competition in the job market constantly increasing, college affordability has recently become a large issue in the United States government.  Many people would argue that it is almost impossible to get a well paying job without a college degree.  Because of this, a lot of Americans are seeking college degrees.  Sometimes good grades and high test scores isn’t enough to get students into college.  The high costs of college tuition are holding many high school graduates back.  The government is working on financial aid, loan, and Pell grant programs to help make college affordable for American students.

1.  Adam Vinton – Junior at the University of Oregon

Contact information:


Phone: (971) 221-5540

            Contacted on: January 17th, 2010 at 7 PM

Adam Vinton is a citizen source that relates to my topic of college affordability.  He is a junior at the University of Oregon.  Adam Vinton uses loans, scholarships, and Pell Grants to pay for his college tuition.  He is a first generation college student in his family and he wouldn’t have the opportunity to attend college without these financial aids.  This relates to my topic through his loans, Pell Grants, and the Oregon Opportunity Grant.  These are all financial aid programs that are being worked on and modified in the Government right now.  Barack Obama is working on programs just like this during his term in office.

2.  Cameron Smith – Sophomore at the University of Oregon

Contact information:


Phone: (971) 409-9773

Contacted on: February 10th, 2010 at 4 PM

Cameron Smith is a citizen source that attends the University of Oregon.  Cameron is a college student who uses student loans and Pell Grants to pay for his college tuition.  After seeing his sister drop out of college due to college payment problems, Cameron is trying to take a different path by getting help through financial aid.  Cameron is a good source for my topic because he is a prime example of someone who struggles to pay for high costs of college tuition.  He wants to find a successful job following college graduation and he knows how important a college degree is when doing so.  His financial aid relates back to the government and how they work towards making college more affordable.

3.  University of Oregon Student Financial Aid and Scholarship Office – Donna Schimmer (Financial Aid Counselor)

Contact information:

Phone: (541) 346-1188

Contacted on: February 8th, 2010 at 1 PM

The University of Oregon Student Financial Aid and Scholarship Office is an institutional source.  This office deals with all of the financial aid aspects of the University of Oregon.  This source gives us a look at our local outlook on the college affordability topic.  They work with students who use scholarships, loans, and other types of financial aid.  Within this office, there are counselors and accountants who work with these financial aids.  This source deals tightly with my topic because it is exactly what Barack Obama and his office are working to improve.  They deal with loans, Pell Grants, and scholarships that help low income students pay for college.

4.  Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

Accessed On: February 21st, 2010

In this post by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, they talk about the recently passed American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.  This act contains a measure to enlarge the “Hope Credit”.  The Hope Credit provides a tax subsidy for college tuition costs.  Its goal was to enable students who could not otherwise afford college, to be able to do so.  The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is an institutional source that keeps up with the updates on college affordability plans.  This post also talks about how the old non-refundable Hope Credit is now refundable so that low-income households can qualify.  This institution keeps us updated on how the government is funding for college affordability acts.

5.  Barack Obama and Joe Biden

Accessed On: February 21st, 2010

This is informational research source on Barack Obama and Joe Biden’s website.  This link on their webpage is all about their plan on putting college in reach for everyone in America.  It gives the general overview of what their plans are.  The major topics in this source are about the American Opportunity Tax Credit, simplifying application processes for financial aid, helping students become aware of college readiness, expanding Pell Grants for low-income families, community college partnership programs, and eliminating costly bank subsidies.  This source is helpful in making an argument about my topic because it also gives hard facts of the realities of college costs.  For example it talks about how college costs have grown nearly forty percent in the last 5 years, and how sixty percent of all college students leave college in debt.

6.  Burmese Student Who Receives Scholarship to Attend College in the United States

Accessed on: February 21st, 2010

This is a journalistic source about a true success story.  This is an article about how a Burmese student receives a scholarship to attend college in the United States.  She says the education system is better in the United States than where she is from.  She also wants to study journalism and political science.  She says they do not have those majors back home.  The scholarship enabled her to attend college, and without she would not have had this opportunity.  This relates to my topic because this is the exact type of act that the United States government is trying to do fund for.  This scholarship has given a low-income student the ability to attend college.

7.  Budgeting for Subsidies Might not Solve College Affordability Problem

Accessed on: February 21st, 2010

This is a journalistic source on The Heritage Foundation website.  It is a leadership website that has articles.  This article gives the opposing side of my topic on college affordability.  This article makes the point that budgeting $173 billion in subsidies might not solve the college affordability problem.  It is said that rather than increasing subsidies, it might be America’s only option to lower costs and work to improve efficiency.  This is an important article because it shows the two sides of this topic.  It shows that not all people agree with budgeting to make college more affordable for Americans.  It gives the harsh reality that even if we budget, it still may not work out for the best.

8.  EDU In Review

Accessed on: February 21st, 2010

EDU In Review is an institutional source that gives information on college.  It has information on everything from student loans to Fraternity and Sorority life.  On this website there are articles as well.  Along with articles it gives help with finding student loans and scholarships.  It also helps with planning for college and college advice.  On this website I found an article about student protesters.  These protesters go across the US protesting against the budget cuts that increase the costs of college tuition.  These students go to states like Arizona, California, and Nevada protesting.  This is a good source for my topic because it is a possible group I can contact and get quality stories about their protests on college tuition.

9.  CollegeBoard

Accessed on: February 22nd, 2010

The CollegeBoard is an online institutional source.  This source gives a lot of information about college and also has information on college affordability.  It is aimed towards high school aged students who wish to attend college.  A lot of these students are in need of financial aid and CollegeBoard is there to help.  It gives advice on preparation for college and if you need financial aid it can help lead you to where you need to go to get it.  This source also gives trends on college prices and financial aid over long lengths of time.  This source relates to my topic because it deals with the core group of people of who is affected the most by high costs of college. 


Accessed on: February 22nd, 2010

CNN is a journalistic source.  Within this source I found an article on how the rising costs of college tuition are pushing college out of reach for many Americans.  This article talks about how the tuition costs for college are increasing every year nationally and how the government is trying to balance it out.  The American Opportunity Tax Credit is brought up in this article as well.  CNN is a good source because it gives many articles on real time stories that happen regarding my topic of college affordability.  CNN is all about journalism and keeps up to date with stories and breaking news.

The Government Has a Role in Decreasing Costs of College.

The high costs of college tuition is being worked on by the Obama Administration by budgeting for Pell Grants for low income families.  What can the Government do, if anything, to further  improve the effectiveness of its programs and reduce the costs of college?  It might be in their hands to further investigate the situation to better college affordability.

49 States Flunk College Affordability Test

Recently, 49 states flunked a college affordability test.  According to the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, cost of college is increasing and not looking to make any trends to be cheaper anytime soon.  They say it is because “We are losing our international leadership.”